.BASH_HISTORY File Recovery

Have files been deleted due to a user’s error or software error? Have you formatted a disk by accident and need to know how to recover the files? Read our .BASH_HISTORY file recovery guide for Windows, MacOS, Android and IOS in 2024.

BASH_HISTORY File Recovery

What is a .BASH_HISTORY file?

File created by Bash, a Unix-based shell program commonly used on Mac OS X and Linux operating systems; stores a history of user commands entered at the command prompt; used for viewing old commands that have been executed.

What Are Common Causes of ".BASH_HISTORY" Files Lost or Failure?

There are several common causes for the loss or failure of .bash_history files:

  1. Accidental deletion: Users may accidentally delete their .bash_history files while trying to clean up their system or remove unnecessary files.
  2. System crashes: If a system crashes or experiences a sudden power failure, it can result in the loss of .bash_history files.
  3. Disk errors: Disk errors, such as bad sectors or file system corruption, can cause the .bash_history file to become inaccessible or get deleted.
  4. User settings or misconfiguration: In some cases, users may unintentionally configure their system to not record or save command history, leading to the loss of .bash_history files.
  5. Software or system updates: During software or system updates, there is a possibility that the .bash_history file gets overwritten or deleted.
  6. Disk space limitations: If the disk where the .bash_history file is stored runs out of space, it may result in the file being lost or truncated.
  7. User account changes: If a user account is deleted or modified, it can lead to the loss of .bash_history files associated with that account.
  8. Malware or viruses: Malicious software or viruses can infect a system and delete or corrupt .bash_history files as part of their destructive activities.

It is important to regularly back up .bash_history files to avoid losing valuable command history.

How to recover lost ".BASH_HISTORY" files?

Sometimes while working with a computer, laptop or other stationary or mobile devices, you may encounter various bugs, freezes, hardware or software failures, even in spite of regular updates and junk cleaning. As a result, an important ".BASH_HISTORY" file may be deleted.

Go to view
🧺 How to Recover Files and Folders After Sending Them to the Recycle Bin and Deleting? (Windows 11)

🧺 How to Recover Files and Folders After Sending Them to the Recycle Bin and Deleting? (Windows 11)

By no means should you think that the only way to recover a ".BASH_HISTORY" file is always to create it once more.

Use programs for recovering ".BASH_HISTORY" files if a file was lost after accidental or deliberate deleting, formatting the memory card or the internal storage, cleaning the storage device, after a virus attack or a system failure.

Programs to recover ".BASH_HISTORY" files

Looking for a way to get files back? In cases when files were deleted and they cannot be restored by using standard operating system tools, use Hetman Partition Recovery.

Partition Recovery™ 4.9
The tool recovers data from any devices, regardless of the cause of data loss.

Follow the directions below:

  1. Download Hetman Partition Recovery, install and start the program.

  2. The program will automatically scan the computer and display all hard disks and removable drives connected to it, as well as physical and local disks.

    File Recovery Software
  3. Double-click on the disk from which you need to recover ".BASH_HISTORY" files, and select analysis type.

    Hetman Partition Recovery - Analysis Type
  4. When the scanning is over, you will be shown the files for recovery.

    Hetman Partition Recovery - Files that Can be Restored
  5. To find a file you need, use the program’s interface to open the folder it was deleted from, or go to the folder "Content-Aware Analysis" and select the required file type.

    Hetman Partition Recovery - Deep Scan
  6. Select the files you have been looking for and click "Recovery".

    File Recovery Software - Files List for Recovery
  7. Choose one of the methods for saving the files and recover them.

    Saving recovered files in Hetman Partition Recovery

How to open file with ".BASH_HISTORY" extension?

Looking for how to open a stereo bash History File image file file?

Programs that open ".BASH_HISTORY" files

Apple Terminal Apple Terminal
GNU Bash GNU Bash
GNU Bash GNU Bash

Additional Information

  • File type: Bash History File

  • File extension: .BASH_HISTORY

  • Developer: The GNU Project

  • Category: System Files

  • Format: Text


We will be happy to answer your questions!

Comments (1)

  • Hetman Software: Data Recovery
    Hetman Software: Data Recovery 18.12.2019 12:52 #
    Leave a comment if you have any questions about Recovering lost .BASH_HISTORY files after deleting, cleaning or formatting!
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Vladimir Artiukh

Author: Vladimir Artiukh, Technical Writer

Vladimir Artiukh is a technical writer for Hetman Software, as well as the voice and face of their English-speaking YouTube channel, Hetman Software: Data Recovery for Windows. He handles tutorials, how-tos, and detailed reviews on how the company’s tools work with all kinds of data storage devices.

Oleg Afonin

Editor: Oleg Afonin, Technical Writer

Oleg Afonin is an expert in mobile forensics, data recovery and computer systems. He often attends large data security conferences, and writes several blogs for such resources as xaker.ru, Elcomsoft and Habr. In addition to his online activities, Oleg’s articles are also published in professional magazines. Also, Oleg Afonin is the co-author of a well-known book, Mobile Forensics - Advanced Investigative Strategies.


Questions and answers

  • What are some common issues that can cause problems opening the .bash_history file?

    There can be several common issues that can cause problems opening the .bash_history file. Some of them include:

    1. File permission issues: If the permissions on the .bash_history file are not set correctly, it can cause problems opening the file. The file should have appropriate read permissions for the user trying to open it.
    2. Corrupted file: If the .bash_history file is corrupted or damaged, it may not open properly. This can happen due to various reasons such as improper system shutdown, disk errors, or file system issues.
    3. File size: If the .bash_history file is too large, it may take a long time to open or may not open at all. This can happen if the file has accumulated a large amount of command history over time.
    4. Hidden file: The .bash_history file is a hidden file in Linux systems. If the file is not visible or not located in the expected directory, it can cause problems opening it.
    5. Incorrect file path: If the file path specified to open the .bash_history file is incorrect, it will result in an error. Double-checking the file path is essential to ensure it is accurate.
    6. File not created: If the user has not used the bash shell or executed any commands, the .bash_history file may not be created yet. The file is typically created once a user executes a command in the bash shell.
    7. File deleted: If the .bash_history file has been accidentally deleted, it cannot be opened anymore. In such cases, it might be necessary to use data recovery techniques to retrieve the file.

    It is important to note that the .bash_history file is specific to the Bash shell in Linux systems. If you are using a different shell or operating system, the file may have a different name or location.

  • What are some troubleshooting steps to fix problems with opening the .bash_history file?

    Here are some troubleshooting steps to fix problems with opening the .bash_history file:

    1. Check file permissions: Ensure that the .bash_history file has appropriate read permissions. You can use the `ls -l` command to view the file permissions. If necessary, you can change the file permissions using the `chmod` command.
    2. Verify file location: Make sure you are looking for the .bash_history file in the correct location. By default, it is located in the user's home directory. You can use the `cd` command to navigate to the home directory and then try accessing the file.
    3. Check file existence: Confirm that the .bash_history file actually exists. You can use the `ls` command to list all files in the current directory and check if .bash_history is listed. If it doesn't exist, it might have been accidentally deleted or renamed.
    4. Clear the file: If the .bash_history file contains some corrupted data, it might cause issues while opening. You can try clearing the contents of the file by running the command `> .bash_history`. This will empty the file.
    5. Check disk space: Ensure that there is sufficient disk space available in the storage device where the .bash_history file is located. If the disk is full, it can prevent the file from opening.
    6. Verify file integrity: If the .bash_history file is modified or corrupted, it may cause problems while opening. You can try restoring a backup copy of the file if available or recreate the file using the command `touch .bash_history`.
    7. Check for errors in the file: If the .bash_history file contains syntax errors or invalid entries, it can prevent it from opening. You can open the file using a text editor and review its contents for any anomalies. Correcting or removing any problematic entries might help resolve the issue.
    8. Restart the shell: Sometimes, restarting the shell or logging out and logging back in can resolve issues with opening the .bash_history file. This can help refresh the shell's environment and configuration.

    If none of these troubleshooting steps work, it might indicate a more complex issue. In such cases, seeking assistance from a system administrator or technical support would be advisable.

  • Are there any alternative methods or tools available to access the command history if the .bash_history file cannot be opened?

    Yes, there are alternative methods or tools available to access the command history if the .bash_history file cannot be opened. Here are a few options:

    1. Using the "history" command: In a terminal, you can simply type "history" to view the command history. This will display a list of previously executed commands, along with their line numbers.
    2. Checking the shell's memory: If the .bash_history file is inaccessible, you can try accessing the shell's memory directly. In some cases, the command history may still be stored in memory, even if the file is not accessible. To do this, you can use the "history" command followed by the "grep" command to search for specific commands.
    3. Using forensic tools: If you are trying to recover deleted or corrupted command history, you can use forensic tools designed for file recovery. These tools can scan the hard drive or file system to recover deleted or lost files, including the .bash_history file.
    4. Checking system logs: System logs, such as the syslog or shell logs, may contain information about previously executed commands. You can search these logs for command history entries.

    It's important to note that the availability and effectiveness of these alternative methods may vary depending on the specific circumstances and system configuration.

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