.CPIO File Recovery

Have files been deleted due to a user’s error or software error? Have you formatted a disk by accident and need to know how to recover the files? Read our .CPIO file recovery guide for Windows, MacOS, Android and IOS in 2023.

CPIO File Recovery

What is a .CPIO file?

File archive created in the Unix CPIO (Copy In, Copy Out) format, an uncompressed file container format used for grouping files together; similar to a .TAR archive and can be compressed into a .CPGZ file using Gzip compression.

What Are Common Causes of ".CPIO" Files Lost or Failure?

There can be several common causes for ".CPIO" files to be lost or fail:

  1. Accidental deletion: Users might accidentally delete the ".CPIO" files while performing file management tasks, such as cleaning up or organizing their system.
  2. File system corruption: If the file system where the ".CPIO" files are stored gets corrupted, it can lead to data loss or failure of the files.
  3. Hardware failure: Issues with the storage device, such as a hard drive or SSD, can cause ".CPIO" files to become inaccessible or get lost.
  4. Software or system errors: Errors or bugs in the software or operating system can result in the loss or failure of ".CPIO" files.
  5. Virus or malware attacks: Malicious software can corrupt or delete files, including ".CPIO" files, leading to their loss or failure.
  6. Interruptions during file transfer: If there is an interruption or error during the transfer of ".CPIO" files, it can cause them to become incomplete or corrupted.
  7. Improper shutdown: Sudden power outages or improper system shutdowns can result in file system errors, leading to the loss or failure of ".CPIO" files.
  8. Overwritten files: If new files with the same name are created and saved in the same location as the ".CPIO" files, they can get overwritten, causing loss or failure.
  9. User error: Mistakes made by users, such as accidentally formatting the storage device or using inappropriate commands, can lead to the loss or failure of ".CPIO" files.

It is important to regularly back up ".CPIO" files and implement proper data recovery measures to minimize the risk of loss or failure.

How to recover lost ".CPIO" files?

Sometimes while working with a computer, laptop or other stationary or mobile devices, you may encounter various bugs, freezes, hardware or software failures, even in spite of regular updates and junk cleaning. As a result, an important ".CPIO" file may be deleted.

Go to view
🧺 How to Recover Files and Folders After Sending Them to the Recycle Bin and Deleting? (Windows 11)

🧺 How to Recover Files and Folders After Sending Them to the Recycle Bin and Deleting? (Windows 11)

By no means should you think that the only way to recover a ".CPIO" file is always to create it once more.

Use programs for recovering ".CPIO" files if a file was lost after accidental or deliberate deleting, formatting the memory card or the internal storage, cleaning the storage device, after a virus attack or a system failure.

Programs to recover ".CPIO" files

Looking for a way to get files back? In cases when files were deleted and they cannot be restored by using standard operating system tools, use Hetman Partition Recovery.

The tool recovers data from any devices, regardless of the cause of data loss.

Follow the directions below:

  1. Download Hetman Partition Recovery, install and start the program.

  2. The program will automatically scan the computer and display all hard disks and removable drives connected to it, as well as physical and local disks.

    File Recovery Software
  3. Double-click on the disk from which you need to recover ".CPIO" files, and select analysis type.

    Hetman Partition Recovery - Analysis Type
  4. When the scanning is over, you will be shown the files for recovery.

    Hetman Partition Recovery - Files that Can be Restored
  5. To find a file you need, use the program’s interface to open the folder it was deleted from, or go to the folder "Content-Aware Analysis" and select the required file type.

    Hetman Partition Recovery - Deep Scan
  6. Select the files you have been looking for and click "Recovery".

    File Recovery Software - Files List for Recovery
  7. Choose one of the methods for saving the files and recover them.

    Saving recovered files in Hetman Partition Recovery

How to open file with ".CPIO" extension?

Looking for how to open a stereo unix CPIO Archive image file file?

Programs that open ".CPIO" files

File Viewer Plus File Viewer Plus
PeaZip PeaZip
Apache Commons Compress Apache Commons Compress
Apple Archive Utility Apple Archive Utility
Incredible Bee Archiver Incredible Bee Archiver
Apache Commons Compress Apache Commons Compress
ditto ditto
The Unarchiver The Unarchiver
GNU cpio GNU cpio
ditto ditto
Apache Commons Compress Apache Commons Compress

Additional Information

  • File type: Unix CPIO Archive

  • File extension: .CPIO

  • Developer: N/A

  • Category: Encoded Files

  • Format: Binary

  • Mime-type: application/octet-stream

  • HEX: C7 71


We will be happy to answer your questions!

Comments (1)

  • Hetman Software: Data Recovery
    Hetman Software: Data Recovery 18.12.2019 11:29 #
    Leave a comment if you have any questions about Recovering lost .CPIO files after deleting, cleaning or formatting!
Post comment
Leave a reply
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Vladimir Artiukh

Author: Vladimir Artiukh, Technical Writer

Vladimir Artiukh is a technical writer for Hetman Software, as well as the voice and face of their English-speaking YouTube channel, Hetman Software: Data Recovery for Windows. He handles tutorials, how-tos, and detailed reviews on how the company’s tools work with all kinds of data storage devices.

Oleg Afonin

Editor: Oleg Afonin, Technical Writer

Oleg Afonin is an expert in mobile forensics, data recovery and computer systems. He often attends large data security conferences, and writes several blogs for such resources as xaker.ru, Elcomsoft and Habr. In addition to his online activities, Oleg’s articles are also published in professional magazines. Also, Oleg Afonin is the co-author of a well-known book, Mobile Forensics - Advanced Investigative Strategies.


Questions and answers

  • What is a .CPIO file format and what is its purpose?

    The .CPIO file format is a compressed archive format used to store files and directories. It stands for "Copy In, Copy Out" and is commonly used in Unix and Linux systems.

    The purpose of the .CPIO format is to create a single file that contains multiple files and directories while preserving their original structure and permissions. It is often used for packaging and distributing software or creating backups.

    .CPIO files can be compressed using various algorithms like gzip or bzip2 to reduce their size. They can also be used in combination with other tools, such as tar, to create even more versatile archive formats.

  • How can I open a .CPIO file on my computer?

    To open a .CPIO file on your computer, you can use various methods depending on your operating system. Here are a few options:


    • Open a terminal window.
    • Use the `cpio` command to extract the contents of the .CPIO file. For example:


    cpio -idmv < yourfile.cpio


    • This will extract the files and directories from the .CPIO archive.


    • Open a terminal window.
    • Install the `cpio` utility if you don't already have it. You can use package managers like Homebrew to install it:


    brew install cpio


    • Use the `cpio` command to extract the contents of the .CPIO file. For example:


    cpio -idmv < yourfile.cpio



    • Windows does not have a built-in utility to extract .CPIO files. However, you can use third-party software like 7-Zip or WinRAR to extract the contents of the .CPIO file.
    • Install one of the mentioned software on your computer.
    • Right-click on the .CPIO file and select "Extract" or "Extract Here" using the software you installed.
    • The software will extract the files and directories from the .CPIO archive.

    Remember to replace "yourfile.cpio" with the actual name of your .CPIO file in the commands above.

  • Are there any specific software or tools required to extract the contents of a .CPIO file?

    Yes, there are specific software and tools required to extract the contents of a .CPIO file. One commonly used tool is the "cpio" command-line utility, which is available on most Unix-like operating systems, including Linux.

    To extract the contents of a .CPIO file using the cpio command, you can use the following syntax:


    cpio -i < file.cpio


    This command will extract the contents of the .CPIO file and place them in the current directory.

    Another tool that can be used is the "pax" command, which is also available on many Unix-like systems. The pax command can handle various archive formats, including .CPIO files. To extract the contents of a .CPIO file using pax, you can use the following syntax:


    pax -r -f file.cpio


    This command will extract the contents of the .CPIO file and place them in the current directory.

    Additionally, there are graphical file archivers like Ark, File Roller, or 7-Zip that can handle .CPIO files and provide a user-friendly interface for extracting their contents.

Hello! This is AI-based Hetman Software virtual assistant, and it will answer any of your questions right away.
Start Chat