.DIT File Recovery

Have files been deleted due to a user’s error or software error? Have you formatted a disk by accident and need to know how to recover the files? Read our .DIT file recovery guide for Windows, MacOS, Android and IOS in 2023.

DIT File Recovery

What is a .DIT file?

Directory information tree (DIT) file used by Active Directory, a directory service for computers and networks; saves a hierarchy of network objects and access permissions; named ntds.dit

What Are Common Causes of ".DIT" Files Lost or Failure?

There are several common causes of ".DIT" (Active Directory database) files being lost or experiencing failure:

  1. Hardware failure: If the storage device where the ".DIT" file is stored, such as the hard drive or RAID array, fails, it can result in the loss of the ".DIT" file or corruption of its data.
  2. Software errors: Errors or bugs in the operating system or Active Directory software can lead to ".DIT" file corruption or failure. This can occur during system updates, software installations, or due to compatibility issues.
  3. Malware or virus infections: Malicious software can infect and corrupt the ".DIT" file, rendering it inaccessible or causing data loss.
  4. Accidental deletion: Human error, such as accidental deletion of the ".DIT" file or its components, can result in its loss.
  5. Power outages or improper shutdowns: Unexpected power outages or improper shutdowns of the server hosting the Active Directory can cause ".DIT" file corruption or failure.
  6. Disk space issues: If the disk where the ".DIT" file is stored runs out of space, it can lead to corruption or failure of the file.
  7. Hardware or software conflicts: Incompatible hardware or software configurations can cause issues with the ".DIT" file, leading to its loss or failure.
  8. Data corruption during replication: Active Directory replication involves transferring data between domain controllers. If data corruption occurs during this process, it can affect the ".DIT" file and result in failure.

It is important to regularly backup the ".DIT" file to mitigate the risk of data loss and have a recovery plan in place to address any failures.

How to recover lost ".DIT" files?

Sometimes while working with a computer, laptop or other stationary or mobile devices, you may encounter various bugs, freezes, hardware or software failures, even in spite of regular updates and junk cleaning. As a result, an important ".DIT" file may be deleted.

Go to view
🧺 How to Recover Files and Folders After Sending Them to the Recycle Bin and Deleting? (Windows 11)

🧺 How to Recover Files and Folders After Sending Them to the Recycle Bin and Deleting? (Windows 11)

By no means should you think that the only way to recover a ".DIT" file is always to create it once more.

Use programs for recovering ".DIT" files if a file was lost after accidental or deliberate deleting, formatting the memory card or the internal storage, cleaning the storage device, after a virus attack or a system failure.

Programs to recover ".DIT" files

Looking for a way to get files back? In cases when files were deleted and they cannot be restored by using standard operating system tools, use Hetman Partition Recovery.

The tool recovers data from any devices, regardless of the cause of data loss.

Follow the directions below:

  1. Download Hetman Partition Recovery, install and start the program.

  2. The program will automatically scan the computer and display all hard disks and removable drives connected to it, as well as physical and local disks.

    File Recovery Software
  3. Double-click on the disk from which you need to recover ".DIT" files, and select analysis type.

    Hetman Partition Recovery - Analysis Type
  4. When the scanning is over, you will be shown the files for recovery.

    Hetman Partition Recovery - Files that Can be Restored
  5. To find a file you need, use the program’s interface to open the folder it was deleted from, or go to the folder "Content-Aware Analysis" and select the required file type.

    Hetman Partition Recovery - Deep Scan
  6. Select the files you have been looking for and click "Recovery".

    File Recovery Software - Files List for Recovery
  7. Choose one of the methods for saving the files and recover them.

    Saving recovered files in Hetman Partition Recovery

How to open file with ".DIT" extension?

Looking for how to open a stereo active Directory Information Tree File image file file?

Programs that open ".DIT" files

Microsoft Active Directory Microsoft Active Directory

Additional Information

  • File type: Active Directory Information Tree File

  • File extension: .DIT

  • Developer: Microsoft

  • Category: System Files

  • Format: Binary


We will be happy to answer your questions!

Comments (1)

  • Hetman Software: Data Recovery
    Hetman Software: Data Recovery 18.12.2019 14:40 #
    Leave a comment if you have any questions about Recovering lost .DIT files after deleting, cleaning or formatting!
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Vladimir Artiukh

Author: Vladimir Artiukh, Technical Writer

Vladimir Artiukh is a technical writer for Hetman Software, as well as the voice and face of their English-speaking YouTube channel, Hetman Software: Data Recovery for Windows. He handles tutorials, how-tos, and detailed reviews on how the company’s tools work with all kinds of data storage devices.

Oleg Afonin

Editor: Oleg Afonin, Technical Writer

Oleg Afonin is an expert in mobile forensics, data recovery and computer systems. He often attends large data security conferences, and writes several blogs for such resources as xaker.ru, Elcomsoft and Habr. In addition to his online activities, Oleg’s articles are also published in professional magazines. Also, Oleg Afonin is the co-author of a well-known book, Mobile Forensics - Advanced Investigative Strategies.


Questions and answers

  • What are the common causes of .DIT file corruption in Microsoft Windows Server?

    There are several common causes of .DIT file corruption in Microsoft Windows Server:

    1. Hardware failure: Any hardware failure, such as a disk failure or power outage, can lead to .DIT file corruption.
    2. Software bugs or glitches: Sometimes, software bugs or glitches in the operating system or other software can cause corruption in the .DIT file.
    3. Improper shutdown: If the server is not shut down properly, such as during a power outage or system crash, it can result in .DIT file corruption.
    4. Virus or malware infection: Malicious software can target and corrupt the .DIT file, causing data loss or corruption.
    5. Disk errors: Errors on the disk where the .DIT file is stored, such as bad sectors or disk fragmentation, can lead to corruption.
    6. Improper handling: Accidental deletion or modification of the .DIT file by a user or administrator can result in corruption.
    7. Insufficient system resources: If the server does not have enough resources, such as memory or disk space, it can lead to .DIT file corruption.
    8. Software conflicts: Conflicts between different software applications or incompatible software versions can cause corruption in the .DIT file.

    It is important to regularly backup the .DIT file and implement proper security measures to prevent corruption and ensure data integrity.

  • How can I repair a corrupted .DIT file in Active Directory?

    To repair a corrupted .DIT file in Active Directory, you can follow these steps:

    1. Restart the domain controller in Directory Services Restore Mode (DSRM). To do this, press the F8 key during the boot process and select "Directory Services Restore Mode."
    2. Open a command prompt with administrative privileges.
    3. Run the following command to check the integrity of the Active Directory database: `esentutl /g `. Replace `` with the actual path to the ntds.dit file, which is typically located in the `%SystemRoot%NTDS` folder.
    4. If the integrity check reports any errors, run the following command to repair the database: `esentutl /p `. Again, replace `` with the actual path to the ntds.dit file.
    5. After the repair process completes, run the integrity check again to ensure that all errors have been fixed.
    6. Restart the domain controller normally.
    7. Monitor the event logs for any further issues related to the Active Directory database.

    Note: It is recommended to take a backup of the corrupted .DIT file before attempting any repairs. Additionally, if the corruption is severe or the repair process fails, it may be necessary to restore the Active Directory database from a known good backup.

  • Are there any third-party tools available for .DIT file repair, and if so, which ones are recommended?

    Yes, there are several third-party tools available for .DIT file repair. Some of the recommended ones include:

    1. Stellar Repair for Active Directory: It is a comprehensive tool that can repair corrupt .DIT files and recover all Active Directory objects.
    2. SysTools Exchange Recovery: This tool can repair corrupt .DIT files and recover all mailbox items from Exchange Server databases.
    3. Kernel for Exchange Server Recovery: It can repair corrupt .DIT files and recover mailbox items from Exchange Server databases.
    4. Aryson Exchange Server Recovery: This tool can repair corrupt .DIT files and recover mailbox items from Exchange Server databases.

    Before using any third-party tool, it is recommended to thoroughly research and read reviews to ensure the tool is reliable and suitable for your specific needs.

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