.PPM File Recovery

Have files been deleted due to a user’s error or software error? Have you formatted a disk by accident and need to know how to recover the files? Read our .PPM file recovery guide for Windows, MacOS, Android and IOS in 2024.

PPM File Recovery

What is a .PPM file?

A PPM file is a 24-bit color image formatted using a text format. It stores each pixel with a number from 0 to 65536, which specifies the color of the pixel. PPM files also store the image height and width, whitespace data, and the maximum color value.

What Are Common Causes of ".PPM" Files Lost or Failure?

There are several common causes of ".PPM" files lost or failure:

  1. Accidental deletion: Users may accidentally delete ".PPM" files while organizing or cleaning up their computer. This can happen when deleting multiple files or folders at once, and the ".PPM" files are selected by mistake.
  2. File system corruption: File system corruption can occur due to various reasons such as sudden power failure, hardware issues, or software conflicts. When the file system gets corrupted, it can result in the loss or failure of ".PPM" files.
  3. Virus or malware attacks: Viruses or malware can infect and damage files on a computer, including ".PPM" files. These malicious programs can corrupt or delete the files, making them inaccessible or unusable.
  4. Software or hardware issues: Issues with software or hardware components can cause ".PPM" file failure. For example, if the software used to open or edit ".PPM" files is outdated, incompatible, or malfunctioning, it may result in file errors or failures. Similarly, if the storage device (e.g., hard drive or memory card) where the ".PPM" files are stored is faulty, it can lead to file loss or corruption.
  5. Human error: Human error, such as improper handling of files, accidental formatting of storage devices, or incorrect file transfers, can also cause ".PPM" file loss or failure.
  6. System crashes or software errors: System crashes or software errors can occur due to various reasons, such as incompatible software installations, conflicts between programs, or hardware failures. These crashes or errors can lead to the loss or corruption of ".PPM" files.
  7. File format conversion issues: When converting ".PPM" files to other formats or vice versa, there is a possibility of data loss or file corruption. Improper conversion methods or incompatible software can result in the failure of ".PPM" files.

It is important to regularly back up ".PPM" files and take preventive measures such as using reliable antivirus software, keeping software and hardware up to date, and practicing safe file handling to minimize the risk of file loss or failure.

How to recover lost ".PPM" files?

Sometimes while working with a computer, laptop or other stationary or mobile devices, you may encounter various bugs, freezes, hardware or software failures, even in spite of regular updates and junk cleaning. As a result, an important ".PPM" file may be deleted.

Go to view
🧺 How to Recover Files and Folders After Sending Them to the Recycle Bin and Deleting? (Windows 11)

🧺 How to Recover Files and Folders After Sending Them to the Recycle Bin and Deleting? (Windows 11)

By no means should you think that the only way to recover a ".PPM" file is always to create it once more.

Use programs for recovering ".PPM" files if a file was lost after accidental or deliberate deleting, formatting the memory card or the internal storage, cleaning the storage device, after a virus attack or a system failure.

Programs to recover ".PPM" files

Looking for a way to get files back? In cases when files were deleted and they cannot be restored by using standard operating system tools, use Hetman Partition Recovery.

The tool recovers data from any devices, regardless of the cause of data loss.

Follow the directions below:

  1. Download Hetman Partition Recovery, install and start the program.

  2. The program will automatically scan the computer and display all hard disks and removable drives connected to it, as well as physical and local disks.

    File Recovery Software
  3. Double-click on the disk from which you need to recover ".PPM" files, and select analysis type.

    Hetman Partition Recovery - Analysis Type
  4. When the scanning is over, you will be shown the files for recovery.

    Hetman Partition Recovery - Files that Can be Restored
  5. To find a file you need, use the program’s interface to open the folder it was deleted from, or go to the folder "Content-Aware Analysis" and select the required file type.

    Hetman Partition Recovery - Deep Scan
  6. Select the files you have been looking for and click "Recovery".

    File Recovery Software - Files List for Recovery
  7. Choose one of the methods for saving the files and recover them.

    Saving recovered files in Hetman Partition Recovery

How to open file with ".PPM" extension?

Looking for how to open a stereo portable Pixmap Image File image file file?

Programs that open ".PPM" files

File Viewer Plus File Viewer Plus
Corel PaintShop Pro 2020 Corel PaintShop Pro 2020
Adobe Photoshop with CartaPGM plugin Adobe Photoshop with CartaPGM plugin
ACD Systems Canvas X 2019 ACD Systems Canvas X 2019
ACD Systems ACDSee Photo Studio ACD Systems ACDSee Photo Studio
Netpbm Netpbm
Serif Affinity Photo Serif Affinity Photo
Any <a href=text editor"> Any text editor
Planamesa NeoOffice Planamesa NeoOffice
Adobe Photoshop with CartaPGM plugin Adobe Photoshop with CartaPGM plugin
Netpbm Netpbm
Serif Affinity Photo Serif Affinity Photo
Any <a href=text editor"> Any text editor
Netpbm Netpbm
Any <a href=text editor"> Any text editor
File Viewer for Android File Viewer for Android

Additional Information

  • File type: Portable Pixmap Image File

  • File extension: .PPM

  • Developer: N/A

  • Category: Raster Image Files

  • Format: Text

  • File types that use the extension .PPM:

    • Portable Pixmap Image File

    • Post Programmable Memory File


We will be happy to answer your questions!

Comments (1)

  • Hetman Software: Data Recovery
    Hetman Software: Data Recovery 18.12.2019 16:19 #
    Leave a comment if you have any questions about Recovering lost .PPM files after deleting, cleaning or formatting!
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Vladimir Artiukh

Author: Vladimir Artiukh, Technical Writer

Vladimir Artiukh is a technical writer for Hetman Software, as well as the voice and face of their English-speaking YouTube channel, Hetman Software: Data Recovery for Windows. He handles tutorials, how-tos, and detailed reviews on how the company’s tools work with all kinds of data storage devices.

Oleg Afonin

Editor: Oleg Afonin, Technical Writer

Oleg Afonin is an expert in mobile forensics, data recovery and computer systems. He often attends large data security conferences, and writes several blogs for such resources as xaker.ru, Elcomsoft and Habr. In addition to his online activities, Oleg’s articles are also published in professional magazines. Also, Oleg Afonin is the co-author of a well-known book, Mobile Forensics - Advanced Investigative Strategies.


Questions and answers

  • What is the purpose of the .PPM format and how is it used in digital imaging?

    The .PPM (Portable Pixmap) format is a file format used for storing and transmitting digital images. It is a simple and widely supported format that represents images as a grid of pixels in a specific color space.

    The purpose of the .PPM format is to provide a portable and platform-independent way of storing images. It is a binary format that can store both grayscale and color images. The format is uncompressed, which means it does not use any compression algorithms to reduce file size. This results in larger file sizes compared to compressed formats like JPEG or PNG.

    In digital imaging, the .PPM format can be used for various purposes:

    1. Storage: .PPM files can be used to store images in a lossless manner, preserving the original quality of the image. It is commonly used in computer graphics and image processing applications.
    2. Image manipulation: The format allows easy access to individual pixels, making it suitable for image manipulation tasks such as filtering, resizing, and color correction.
    3. Interchangeability: .PPM files can be easily exchanged between different software applications and platforms without the need for any specific codecs or plugins. This makes it a convenient format for sharing images.
    4. Image analysis: The simplicity of the .PPM format makes it suitable for scientific and research purposes. It can be used for image analysis, computer vision, and machine learning applications.

    However, due to its uncompressed nature, the .PPM format is not commonly used for web-based applications or for storing large collections of images, as it can result in significantly larger file sizes compared to compressed formats.

  • How does the .PPM format store color information and what are its limitations compared to other image file formats?

    The .PPM (Portable Pixmap) format is a simple and uncompressed image file format that stores color information in a straightforward manner. Here's how it works:

    1. Header: The .PPM file starts with a header that contains information about the image, such as the file format, image dimensions, and maximum color value.
    2. Color representation: The color information in a .PPM file is represented using RGB (Red, Green, Blue) values. Each pixel is represented by three bytes, one for each color channel, ranging from 0 to the maximum color value specified in the header.
    3. Pixel data: After the header, the pixel data is stored sequentially. Each pixel's RGB values are stored one after another, row by row, from the top-left corner to the bottom-right corner of the image.

    Limitations of the .PPM format compared to other image file formats include:

    1. File size: .PPM files tend to be much larger compared to compressed formats like JPEG or PNG. Since .PPM files are uncompressed, they can consume a significant amount of disk space.
    2. Lack of compression: The absence of compression means that .PPM files cannot be efficiently compressed to reduce file size without losing quality. This can be a limitation when dealing with large images or when storage space is a concern.
    3. Limited color depth: The maximum color value in the header determines the color depth of the image. In .PPM files, this value is typically 255, resulting in 8 bits per channel (24-bit color). This limited color depth can lead to a loss of detail or accuracy in highly detailed or high-color images.
    4. Lack of metadata: .PPM files do not support metadata such as EXIF data, which can store additional information about the image, such as camera settings, date, and location. This can be a limitation when working with images that require metadata for organization or analysis.

    Overall, the .PPM format is simple and easy to understand, but its limitations in terms of file size, compression, color depth, and metadata support make it less suitable for certain use cases compared to other image file formats.

  • Can the .PPM format be easily converted to other popular image file formats, and if so, what are some common conversion methods?

    Yes, the .PPM (Portable Pixmap) format can be easily converted to other popular image file formats using various methods. Some common conversion methods include:

    1. Using image editing software: Most image editing software like Adobe Photoshop, GIMP, or Paint.NET can open .PPM files and allow you to save them in other formats such as .JPEG, .PNG, or .GIF. Simply open the .PPM file in the software and choose the desired output format when saving.
    2. Online conversion tools: There are several online tools available that can convert .PPM files to other formats. Websites like Zamzar, Online-Convert, or Convertio allow you to upload the .PPM file and choose the desired output format. The converted file can then be downloaded.
    3. Command-line tools: If you prefer using command-line tools, you can use utilities like ImageMagick (convert command) or Netpbm (ppmto command) to convert .PPM files to other formats. These tools are available on various operating systems and offer a range of conversion options.
    4. Programming languages and libraries: If you are comfortable with programming, you can use languages like Python, Java, or C++ along with image processing libraries (such as PIL/Pillow, OpenCV, or ImageIO) to read .PPM files and save them in other formats. This method offers flexibility and customization options.

    Remember to choose the appropriate format for your needs based on factors like image quality, file size, transparency support, and compatibility with the intended use.

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