How to recover data from Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 NAS

Is your network drive gone, and you are wondering what to do? Has a RAID system crashed, and your files are no longer accessible? Does your device display an error while booting? Have you accidentally rebuilt your RAID system? Are several hard disks out of order?

How to recover data from NAS Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604

Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 NAS Data Recovery in 2024

In this step-by-step tutorial, we’ll show you how to rebuild your RAID and recover data from TeraStation TS5410RN1604.

How to recover data from NAS Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604

Recover data from damaged RAID arrays inaccessible from a computer.

Why can’t ordinary software tools restore files from RAID?

Conventional hard disks keep user’s data by writing it to their surface in a consecutive way, and this is how an entire file is stored on a single hard disk. However, when data is written to a RAID system, a file is divided into several parts. Then these parts are written consecutively to all hard disks within such array. The size of such parts may range from 2 KB to 2 MB, so each file is stored on several hard disks at the same time.

Such approach helps to speed up read and write operations, and it is evident that saving two parts of a file having the size of 1 GB to two hard disks simultaneously is much faster than saving the same 1 GB of data to one hard disk. However, this peculiarity makes file recovery more complicated.

Various RAID levels store information in different ways. Additionally, manufacturers like Buffalo also introduce some modifications to this process, and that is why data can be written to hard disk in a wide variety of ways.

Are there any known issues with specific anti-virus software that can result in data loss on NAS Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 devices?

There are no specific known issues with anti-virus software that can result in data loss on NAS Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 devices. However, it is always recommended to use compatible and trusted anti-virus software to ensure the safety of your data. It is also essential to regularly update both the anti-virus software and the firmware of your NAS device to mitigate any potential vulnerabilities.

How to take hard disks out of the NAS and connect them to a PC?

Although NAS TeraStation TS5410RN1604 can be accessed over the network, you still need to take the hard disks out of the storage device and connect them to a Windows computer. Only in this case will the software be able to scan them properly. Here is what you should do:

  1. Turn off the storage and disconnect it from the power supply.

    WARNING! Before you start taking hard disks out of your NAS device, read the manual carefully. Incorrect actions may damage your network-attached storage and/or the hard disks within the RAID system.

  2. Take the hard disks out of the NAS one by one, carefully removing them from their slots. Remember that the disks are extremely vulnerable: hitting or dropping them may result in serious physical damage.

  3. Make sure to mark each hard disk in accordance with how they were installed inside the NAS.

  4. Remove the hard disks and connect them to the computer. In this video, we have explored what ports are used to connect hard disks, and what to do if there are not enough ports or connectors.

    Go to view
    How to Order Remote Data Recovery

    How to Order Remote Data Recovery

Restoring data with Hetman RAID Recovery

Hetman Raid Recovery

This program recovers data from damaged RAID arrays and is fully compatible with Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604. The hard disks that make up the RAID contain technical information about the algorithm used to save files. When launched, Hetman RAID Recovery reads this information and puts the damaged array together. Then you can open the disk and save your files. Also, you can recover the files accidentally deleted from the network drive.

Go to view
How to recover data from a Buffalo

How to recover data from a Buffalo

TeraStation TS5410RN1604 has 4 HDD slots, and it supports the following array types:

  • RAID 0;
  • RAID 1;
  • RAID 5;
  • RAID 6;
  • JBOD;

NAS supports:

  • exFAT, VFAT, FAT 12 / 16 / 32;
  • NTFS / ReFS;
  • APFS / HFS+;
  • Ext2 / 3 / 4 / ReiserFS / XFS / UFS / ZFS / Btrfs;
  • VMFS / HikvisionFS;

Safe recovery from disk images

This utility lets you save an entire copy of the disk to file and then work with this image instead of the actual disk. Such feature helps to protect data on the disk from:

  • Overwriting during the recovery process;
  • Loss resulting from bad sectors;
  • User mistakes.

To create an image, do the following:

  1. Make sure that you have enough free space to save the image. The image file size usually equals the disk size.

  2. Select the disk in the main window, and choose from the menu ToolsSave Disk. You can select multiple disks to be saved.

  3. When the image creation wizard starts, you can choose to save the entire disk or select only a part of it. Specify the parameters and click Next.

    Hetman Raid Recovery: Image Creation Wizard
  4. At this stage, you need to choose a directory where to save the image. Choose any disk connected to this PC, or save the image by FTP.

    Hetman Raid Recovery: hoose any disk connected to this PC, or save the image by FTP

Where are user’s files stored?

The Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 network-attached storage keeps OS Linux operating system files on a separate RAID 1 (mirrored) array. Usually, all NAS systems create several volumes on every hard disk, and the first of them takes up to 2 Gb of space. This is where operating system files are stored. Other volumes are united into a RAID array where user’s data is written.

Comparison of software for RAID recovery

Product Operating system License type RAID controller support Supported file systems Virtual RAID controller support Data recovery from damaged RAID File preview
Hetman RAID Recovery Windows Paid Yes, over 100 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes
DiskInternals RAID Recovery Windows Paid Yes, over 100 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ No Yes Yes
R-Studio Windows, Mac, Linux Paid Yes, over 200 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes
UFS Explorer RAID Recovery Windows, Mac, Linux Paid Yes, over 1,000 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes
EaseUS Data Recovery Windows Paid Yes, over 20 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ No Yes Yes
ReclaiMe Free RAID Recovery Windows Free Yes, over 100 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes


We will be happy to answer your questions!

Comments (3)

  • Hetman Software: Data Recovery
    Hetman Software: Data Recovery 9.08.2022 12:31 #
    If you want to ask a question about data recovery, from NAS TeraStation TS5410RN1604, feel free to leave a comment!
  • Kevin Wadeson
    Kevin Wadeson 2.09.2023 12:58 #
    Is it possible to recover data from a NAS Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 device that has been affected by a sudden power outage or blackout?
    • Hetman Software
      Hetman Software 2.09.2023 14:00 #

      Yes, it is possible to recover data from a NAS Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 device that has been affected by a sudden power outage or blackout. However, the success of data recovery depends on the extent of damage caused by the power outage.

      Here are some steps you can take to recover data from the device:

      1. Power off the TeraStation immediately after the power outage to prevent further damage.
      2. Check the power supply and connections to ensure they are functioning properly.
      3. Power on the TeraStation and monitor its behavior. If it fails to start or shows any error messages, it may indicate a hardware issue.
      4. If the TeraStation starts but data is inaccessible, try accessing it through the network interface or using the Buffalo NAS Navigator software.
      5. If you still cannot access the data, you may need to remove the hard drives from the TeraStation and connect them to a computer using a SATA to USB adapter.
      6. Use data recovery software to scan the hard drives and attempt to recover the data. There are several reputable data recovery software options available.
      7. If the data recovery software fails to recover the data, you may need to consult a professional data recovery service. They have specialized tools and expertise to recover data from damaged storage devices.

      Remember, it is always recommended to have regular backups of your important data to avoid data loss in case of unexpected events like power outages.

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Vladimir Artiukh

Author: Vladimir Artiukh, Technical Writer

Vladimir Artiukh is a technical writer for Hetman Software, as well as the voice and face of their English-speaking YouTube channel, Hetman Software: Data Recovery for Windows. He handles tutorials, how-tos, and detailed reviews on how the company’s tools work with all kinds of data storage devices.

Oleg Afonin

Editor: Oleg Afonin, Technical Writer

Oleg Afonin is an expert in mobile forensics, data recovery and computer systems. He often attends large data security conferences, and writes several blogs for such resources as, Elcomsoft and Habr. In addition to his online activities, Oleg’s articles are also published in professional magazines. Also, Oleg Afonin is the co-author of a well-known book, Mobile Forensics - Advanced Investigative Strategies.


Questions and answers

  • What are the key features of the Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 NAS?

    The key features of the Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 NAS are:

    1. Storage Capacity: It offers a storage capacity of 16TB, which can be expanded up to 64TB by adding additional drives.
    2. RAID Support: The NAS supports RAID levels 0, 1, 5, 6, 10, and JBOD, allowing for data redundancy and improved performance.
    3. High-Speed Performance: It is equipped with a powerful Annapurna Labs Alpine AL314 quad-core processor and 4GB of DDR3 RAM, providing high-speed performance for data transfer and file sharing.
    4. Multiple Connectivity Options: The NAS features two Gigabit Ethernet ports for network connectivity, two USB 3.0 ports for external device connection, and a PCIe expansion slot for additional functionality.
    5. Hot-Swap Functionality: The device supports hot-swapping of hard drives, allowing for easy replacement or expansion without interrupting the system's operation.
    6. Data Protection and Security: It offers various data protection features like AES 256-bit encryption, scheduled backups, and support for Active Directory integration, ensuring data security and privacy.
    7. Remote Access and Cloud Integration: The NAS supports remote access, allowing users to access their data from anywhere using a web browser or mobile app. It also integrates with popular cloud storage services like Dropbox, OneDrive, and Amazon S3.
    8. Scalability and Flexibility: The TeraStation TS5410RN1604 NAS is designed to be scalable and flexible, allowing for easy expansion and integration into existing IT environments.
    9. User-Friendly Interface: It comes with an intuitive web-based interface that simplifies the setup, configuration, and management of the NAS, making it user-friendly for both beginners and advanced users.
    10. Backup and Disaster Recovery: The NAS includes features like NovaBACKUP Business Essentials software for backup and disaster recovery, ensuring data protection and business continuity.
  • How does the Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 NAS ensure data security and protection?

    The Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 NAS ensures data security and protection through various features and mechanisms. Some of these include:

    1. RAID Technology: The NAS supports RAID levels 0, 1, 5, 6, 10, and 50, which provide data redundancy and protection against drive failures. RAID configurations distribute data across multiple drives, allowing for data recovery in case of a drive failure.
    2. Encryption: The NAS supports AES 256-bit encryption, which ensures that data stored on the device is encrypted and protected from unauthorized access. This ensures that even if the drives are stolen or accessed without permission, the data remains secure.
    3. User Access Control: The NAS allows administrators to set up user accounts and control access permissions. This ensures that only authorized users can access specific data or folders, preventing unauthorized access and data breaches.
    4. Active Directory Integration: The NAS can integrate with existing Active Directory (AD) infrastructure, allowing administrators to manage user access and permissions centrally. This simplifies user management and ensures that access to the NAS is controlled and aligned with existing security policies.
    5. Built-in Antivirus: The TeraStation NAS comes with a built-in antivirus solution that scans files for malware and viruses. This helps to protect the stored data from potential threats and ensures that the system remains secure.
    6. Data Replication and Backup: The NAS supports data replication to another TeraStation device or a remote server, providing an additional layer of data protection. This ensures that data is backed up and can be recovered in case of a disaster or system failure.
    7. Secure Remote Access: The NAS supports secure remote access protocols like SSL/TLS, VPN, and FTPS. This allows users to access their data securely from remote locations while ensuring that the data transmission is encrypted and protected.
    8. Scheduled Backup: The NAS supports scheduled backups to external storage devices or cloud storage services. This ensures that critical data is regularly backed up, reducing the risk of data loss in case of hardware failures or other unforeseen events.

    Overall, the Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 NAS incorporates various security features and mechanisms to ensure data security and protection, making it suitable for both personal and business use.

  • Can you explain the scalability options and expansion capabilities of the Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 NAS?

    The Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 NAS (Network Attached Storage) offers several scalability options and expansion capabilities to meet the growing storage needs of users. Here are some of the key features:

    1. Capacity Expansion: The TS5410RN1604 comes with four drive bays, allowing you to start with lower capacity hard drives and expand as needed. You can begin with 4 x 4TB drives (total 16TB) and upgrade to larger drives or add additional drives later on. The maximum supported capacity is 64TB (4 x 16TB drives).
    2. RAID Support: The NAS supports various RAID configurations, including RAID 0, 1, 5, 6, 10, and JBOD (Just a Bunch of Disks). RAID provides data redundancy, performance improvements, and increased storage capacity. You can choose the appropriate RAID level based on your requirements.
    3. External Storage Expansion: In addition to the internal drive bays, the TS5410RN1604 also offers expansion options through two USB 3.0 ports and two 10GbE (10 Gigabit Ethernet) ports. You can connect external hard drives or expansion units to increase the overall storage capacity of the NAS.
    4. Virtualization Support: The TeraStation TS5410RN1604 is VMware and Hyper-V certified, making it suitable for virtualized environments. It can be integrated seamlessly into virtualization infrastructures, allowing you to allocate storage resources efficiently.
    5. Link Aggregation: The NAS supports link aggregation, which combines multiple network interfaces into a single logical interface. This feature provides increased network bandwidth and redundancy. The TS5410RN1604 has two built-in 1GbE ports that can be aggregated for improved network performance.
    6. Scalable File Sharing: The NAS supports various file sharing protocols such as SMB/CIFS, NFS, and AFP. It can be integrated into existing Windows, Mac, and Linux environments, allowing multiple users to access and share files simultaneously.

    Overall, the Buffalo TeraStation TS5410RN1604 NAS offers flexible scalability options through drive expansion, RAID configurations, external storage connectivity, and virtualization support. These features enable users to easily expand their storage capacity and adapt to growing storage demands.

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