How to recover data from QNAP TNS-h1083X NAS

Is your network drive gone, and you are wondering what to do? Has a RAID system crashed, and your files are no longer accessible? Does your device display an error while booting? Have you accidentally rebuilt your RAID system? Are several hard disks out of order?

How to recover data from NAS QNAP TNS-h1083X

QNAP TNS-h1083X NAS Data Recovery in 2024

In this step-by-step tutorial, we’ll show you how to rebuild your RAID and recover data from TNS-h1083X.

How to recover data from NAS QNAP TNS-h1083X

Recover data from damaged RAID arrays inaccessible from a computer.

Why can’t ordinary software tools restore files from RAID?

Conventional hard disks keep user’s data by writing it to their surface in a consecutive way, and this is how an entire file is stored on a single hard disk. However, when data is written to a RAID system, a file is divided into several parts. Then these parts are written consecutively to all hard disks within such array. The size of such parts may range from 2 KB to 2 MB, so each file is stored on several hard disks at the same time.

Such approach helps to speed up read and write operations, and it is evident that saving two parts of a file having the size of 1 GB to two hard disks simultaneously is much faster than saving the same 1 GB of data to one hard disk. However, this peculiarity makes file recovery more complicated.

Various RAID levels store information in different ways. Additionally, manufacturers like QNAP also introduce some modifications to this process, and that is why data can be written to hard disk in a wide variety of ways.

Are there any data storage capacity limitations that can impact data loss risks for NAS QNAP TNS-h1083X devices?

Yes, there are data storage capacity limitations that can impact data loss risks for NAS QNAP TNS-h1083X devices. Some of these limitations include:

  1. Drive failure: If one or more drives in the NAS device fail, it can lead to data loss. The risk of data loss increases with the number of drives in a RAID configuration. For example, if a RAID 5 configuration is used with three drives, the failure of any one drive can result in data loss.
  2. RAID rebuild time: When a drive fails in a RAID configuration, the data needs to be rebuilt onto a new drive. This process can take a significant amount of time, especially for larger capacities. During the rebuild process, if another drive fails, it can lead to complete data loss.
  3. Backup capacity: NAS devices like QNAP TNS-h1083X often have limited internal storage capacity. If the data stored on the NAS exceeds its capacity, there may not be enough space for proper backups. Without adequate backups, data loss risks increase.
  4. Network connectivity: NAS devices rely on network connectivity to function properly. If there are network issues or interruptions, it can lead to data loss or corruption.

To mitigate these risks, it is recommended to implement a robust backup strategy, regularly monitor the health of drives, and consider using redundant RAID configurations or backup solutions.

How to take hard disks out of the NAS and connect them to a PC?

Although NAS TNS-h1083X can be accessed over the network, you still need to take the hard disks out of the storage device and connect them to a Windows computer. Only in this case will the software be able to scan them properly. Here is what you should do:

  1. Turn off the storage and disconnect it from the power supply.

    WARNING! Before you start taking hard disks out of your NAS device, read the manual carefully. Incorrect actions may damage your network-attached storage and/or the hard disks within the RAID system.

  2. Take the hard disks out of the NAS one by one, carefully removing them from their slots. Remember that the disks are extremely vulnerable: hitting or dropping them may result in serious physical damage.

  3. Make sure to mark each hard disk in accordance with how they were installed inside the NAS.

  4. Remove the hard disks and connect them to the computer. In this video, we have explored what ports are used to connect hard disks, and what to do if there are not enough ports or connectors.

    Go to view
    How to Order Remote Data Recovery

    How to Order Remote Data Recovery

Restoring data with Hetman RAID Recovery

Hetman Raid Recovery

This program recovers data from damaged RAID arrays and is fully compatible with QNAP TNS-h1083X. The hard disks that make up the RAID contain technical information about the algorithm used to save files. When launched, Hetman RAID Recovery reads this information and puts the damaged array together. Then you can open the disk and save your files. Also, you can recover the files accidentally deleted from the network drive.

Go to view
How to recover data from a QNAP

How to recover data from a QNAP

TNS-h1083X has 10 HDD slots, and it supports the following array types:

  • RAID 50;
  • RAID 60;
  • RAID 6;
  • RAID 5;
  • RAID 10;
  • RAID 0;
  • RAID 1;
  • JBOD;

NAS supports:

  • ZFS;
  • EXT4;
  • EXT3;
  • exFAT;
  • FAT32 (External Disk Only);
  • NTFS (External Disk Only);
  • HFS+ (External Disk Read Only);

Safe recovery from disk images

This utility lets you save an entire copy of the disk to file and then work with this image instead of the actual disk. Such feature helps to protect data on the disk from:

  • Overwriting during the recovery process;
  • Loss resulting from bad sectors;
  • User mistakes.

To create an image, do the following:

  1. Make sure that you have enough free space to save the image. The image file size usually equals the disk size.

  2. Select the disk in the main window, and choose from the menu ToolsSave Disk. You can select multiple disks to be saved.

  3. When the image creation wizard starts, you can choose to save the entire disk or select only a part of it. Specify the parameters and click Next.

    Hetman Raid Recovery: Image Creation Wizard
  4. At this stage, you need to choose a directory where to save the image. Choose any disk connected to this PC, or save the image by FTP.

    Hetman Raid Recovery: hoose any disk connected to this PC, or save the image by FTP

Where are user’s files stored?

The QNAP TNS-h1083X network-attached storage keeps QTS (QuTS hero) operating system files on a separate RAID 1 (mirrored) array. Usually, all NAS systems create several volumes on every hard disk, and the first of them takes up to 2 Gb of space. This is where operating system files are stored. Other volumes are united into a RAID array where user’s data is written.

Comparison of software for RAID recovery

Product Operating system License type RAID controller support Supported file systems Virtual RAID controller support Data recovery from damaged RAID File preview
Hetman RAID Recovery Windows Paid Yes, over 100 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes
DiskInternals RAID Recovery Windows Paid Yes, over 100 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ No Yes Yes
R-Studio Windows, Mac, Linux Paid Yes, over 200 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes
UFS Explorer RAID Recovery Windows, Mac, Linux Paid Yes, over 1,000 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes
EaseUS Data Recovery Windows Paid Yes, over 20 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ No Yes Yes
ReclaiMe Free RAID Recovery Windows Free Yes, over 100 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes


We will be happy to answer your questions!

Comments (3)

  • Hetman Software: Data Recovery
    Hetman Software: Data Recovery 9.08.2022 12:31 #
    If you want to ask a question about data recovery, from NAS TNS-h1083X, feel free to leave a comment!
  • Clifton Shepherd-Barron
    Clifton Shepherd-Barron 16.09.2023 03:40 #
    Is it possible to recover data from a NAS QNAP TNS-h1083X device that has been affected by a virus or malware infection?
    • Hetman Software
      Hetman Software 16.09.2023 05:00 #

      Yes, it is possible to recover data from a NAS QNAP TNS-h1083X device that has been affected by a virus or malware infection. However, the success of data recovery depends on the severity of the infection and the extent of damage caused to the data.

      Here are a few steps you can take to recover data from an infected NAS device:

      1. Isolate the infected device: Disconnect the NAS from the network to prevent the virus or malware from spreading further.
      2. Scan and clean the device: Run a thorough antivirus or antimalware scan on the NAS device to remove any malicious software. Make sure to use an updated and reputable security software.
      3. Restore from backups: If you have regular backups of your data, restore the files from a clean backup. Ensure that the backup is not infected as well.
      4. Consult professional data recovery services: If the above steps do not work or if you do not have a backup, it is recommended to seek professional help from data recovery services. They have specialized tools and expertise to recover data from infected devices. However, note that professional data recovery can be expensive.

      To prevent future infections, make sure to keep your NAS firmware up to date, use strong passwords, enable security features like firewalls and access controls, and regularly scan for viruses and malware.

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Vladimir Artiukh

Author: Vladimir Artiukh, Technical Writer

Vladimir Artiukh is a technical writer for Hetman Software, as well as the voice and face of their English-speaking YouTube channel, Hetman Software: Data Recovery for Windows. He handles tutorials, how-tos, and detailed reviews on how the company’s tools work with all kinds of data storage devices.

Oleg Afonin

Editor: Oleg Afonin, Technical Writer

Oleg Afonin is an expert in mobile forensics, data recovery and computer systems. He often attends large data security conferences, and writes several blogs for such resources as, Elcomsoft and Habr. In addition to his online activities, Oleg’s articles are also published in professional magazines. Also, Oleg Afonin is the co-author of a well-known book, Mobile Forensics - Advanced Investigative Strategies.


Questions and answers

  • What are the key features and capabilities of the NAS QNAP TNS-h1083X that make it suitable for use in a surveillance system?

    The QNAP TNS-h1083X is a Network Attached Storage (NAS) device that offers several key features and capabilities that make it suitable for use in a surveillance system. Some of these features include:

    1. High storage capacity: The TNS-h1083X supports up to 8 hard drives, allowing for a large amount of storage space to store surveillance footage.
    2. Scalability: The NAS is designed to be scalable, meaning that additional storage capacity can be easily added as the surveillance system grows.
    3. High-performance hardware: The TNS-h1083X is equipped with a powerful processor and ample memory, ensuring smooth operation and efficient handling of surveillance tasks.
    4. RAID support: The NAS supports various RAID configurations, such as RAID 0, 1, 5, 6, and 10, providing data redundancy and protection against drive failures.
    5. Surveillance Station: QNAP's Surveillance Station is a comprehensive surveillance management system that is included with the TNS-h1083X. It allows users to manage and monitor multiple IP cameras, perform real-time monitoring, playback recorded footage, and set up advanced features like motion detection and event notifications.
    6. Centralized management: The NAS can act as a central storage hub for multiple IP cameras, allowing for easy management and access to all surveillance footage from a single location.
    7. Intelligent video analytics: The TNS-h1083X supports advanced video analytics features, such as people counting, intrusion detection, and facial recognition. These capabilities enhance the surveillance system's effectiveness in detecting and responding to security incidents.
    8. Remote access and mobile app: QNAP provides mobile apps that allow users to access the surveillance system remotely from their smartphones or tablets. This enables users to monitor the system and view live or recorded footage from anywhere.

    Overall, the QNAP TNS-h1083X offers a combination of high storage capacity, scalability, powerful hardware, and advanced surveillance management features, making it a suitable choice for use in a surveillance system.

  • How does the NAS QNAP TNS-h1083X integrate with surveillance cameras and other components to provide a comprehensive surveillance solution?

    The NAS QNAP TNS-h1083X integrates with surveillance cameras and other components to provide a comprehensive surveillance solution in the following ways:

    1. Camera Support: The NAS supports a wide range of surveillance cameras from various manufacturers. It is compatible with both IP cameras and analog cameras, allowing you to connect and manage multiple cameras in a single system.
    2. Video Management System (VMS): The NAS comes with a built-in VMS that provides centralized management and control of all connected cameras. It allows you to configure camera settings, view live video feeds, and playback recorded footage from a user-friendly interface.
    3. Storage and Recording: The NAS offers ample storage capacity for storing video recordings from multiple cameras. It supports various RAID configurations, ensuring data redundancy and protection against drive failures. You can set up continuous recording or schedule recording based on specific events or motion detection.
    4. Intelligent Video Analytics: The NAS integrates with intelligent video analytics software, enabling advanced features like motion detection, people counting, object recognition, and facial recognition. These analytics help in automating surveillance tasks and provide actionable insights for security purposes.
    5. Mobile Access: The NAS provides mobile apps for iOS and Android devices, allowing you to access live video feeds and recorded footage remotely. You can monitor your surveillance system on the go and receive push notifications for any detected events or alarms.
    6. Integration with Other Components: The NAS can integrate with other security components such as access control systems, alarm systems, and intercoms. This integration enables a comprehensive security solution where different components work together to provide enhanced surveillance and access control capabilities.

    Overall, the NAS QNAP TNS-h1083X acts as a central hub for managing and integrating various surveillance components, providing a comprehensive surveillance solution with features like camera support, video management, storage, analytics, mobile access, and integration with other security systems.

  • What are the advantages and benefits of using the NAS QNAP TNS-h1083X for surveillance compared to other NAS devices or dedicated surveillance systems?

    The NAS QNAP TNS-h1083X offers several advantages and benefits for surveillance compared to other NAS devices or dedicated surveillance systems:

    1. High Performance: The TNS-h1083X is equipped with a powerful processor and ample RAM, allowing for efficient video processing and storage. It can handle multiple high-resolution camera feeds and support real-time monitoring and playback without performance issues.
    2. Scalability: The TNS-h1083X offers flexible scalability options, allowing you to easily expand your surveillance system as your needs grow. It supports a large number of camera channels, and you can add additional storage capacity by connecting expansion units or using cloud storage.
    3. Centralized Management: With the QNAP Surveillance Station software, the TNS-h1083X provides centralized management for your surveillance system. You can easily configure and manage cameras, set recording schedules, and access live or recorded footage from a single interface. This streamlines operations and saves time compared to managing multiple standalone surveillance systems.
    4. Advanced Features: The TNS-h1083X offers a range of advanced features to enhance your surveillance capabilities. These include motion detection, event notification, intelligent video analytics, and support for various camera brands and models. You can also integrate other security systems like access control or alarm systems for a comprehensive security solution.
    5. Data Protection and Redundancy: QNAP NAS devices are known for their robust data protection features. The TNS-h1083X supports RAID configurations for data redundancy, ensuring that your surveillance footage is safe even in the event of a hard drive failure. It also supports snapshot technology, allowing you to quickly restore data to a previous state if needed.
    6. Cost-Effective Solution: Compared to dedicated surveillance systems, the TNS-h1083X offers a cost-effective solution. It combines the functionality of a NAS device with a surveillance system, eliminating the need for separate hardware and reducing overall costs. It also provides more flexibility in terms of storage capacity and camera support, allowing you to optimize your investment.
    7. Integration and Compatibility: The TNS-h1083X is designed to integrate seamlessly with other QNAP products and third-party applications. It supports various protocols and standards, making it compatible with a wide range of surveillance cameras and accessories. This ensures interoperability and allows you to customize your surveillance system according to your specific requirements.

    Overall, the NAS QNAP TNS-h1083X offers high performance, scalability, advanced features, data protection, and cost-effectiveness, making it a reliable and efficient choice for surveillance compared to other NAS devices or dedicated surveillance systems.

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