How to recover data from QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP NAS

Is your network drive gone, and you are wondering what to do? Has a RAID system crashed, and your files are no longer accessible? Does your device display an error while booting? Have you accidentally rebuilt your RAID system? Are several hard disks out of order?

How to recover data from NAS QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP

QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP NAS Data Recovery in 2024

In this step-by-step tutorial, we’ll show you how to rebuild your RAID and recover data from Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP.

How to recover data from NAS QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP

Recover data from damaged RAID arrays inaccessible from a computer.

Why can’t ordinary software tools restore files from RAID?

Conventional hard disks keep user’s data by writing it to their surface in a consecutive way, and this is how an entire file is stored on a single hard disk. However, when data is written to a RAID system, a file is divided into several parts. Then these parts are written consecutively to all hard disks within such array. The size of such parts may range from 2 KB to 2 MB, so each file is stored on several hard disks at the same time.

Such approach helps to speed up read and write operations, and it is evident that saving two parts of a file having the size of 1 GB to two hard disks simultaneously is much faster than saving the same 1 GB of data to one hard disk. However, this peculiarity makes file recovery more complicated.

Various RAID levels store information in different ways. Additionally, manufacturers like QNAP also introduce some modifications to this process, and that is why data can be written to hard disk in a wide variety of ways.

How does a NAS QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP device store and manage data?

The QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP is a Network Attached Storage (NAS) device that is designed to store and manage data in a centralized location. Here's how it stores and manages data:

  1. Storage Capacity: The TS-453DU comes with four drive bays, allowing you to install up to four hard drives or solid-state drives (SSDs). The device supports various RAID configurations (RAID 0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, 60, or JBOD) to provide data redundancy and improve performance.
  2. File System: The TS-453DU uses the QTS operating system, which supports multiple file systems such as ext4, NTFS, and FAT32. These file systems allow the device to store and manage different types of data, including documents, photos, videos, and more.
  3. Data Access: The NAS device provides various methods to access and manage data. It supports file sharing protocols like SMB/CIFS, AFP, and NFS, enabling seamless file sharing across different operating systems (Windows, macOS, Linux). Additionally, it supports FTP, SFTP, and WebDAV protocols for remote access to files.
  4. Data Protection: The TS-453DU offers multiple data protection features. It supports snapshots, which allow you to take point-in-time copies of your data, ensuring quick recovery in case of accidental deletion or data corruption. It also supports data encryption to protect sensitive information stored on the device.
  5. Data Management: The device comes with a web-based management interface called QTS, which provides a user-friendly dashboard to manage your data. QTS offers various features like file/folder management, file search, file sharing, and user access control. It also supports backup and synchronization options to ensure data redundancy and easy data management.
  6. Additional Features: The TS-453DU offers additional features like multimedia streaming, virtualization support, surveillance station, and app center. These features allow you to stream media files to different devices, run virtual machines, set up a surveillance system, and install additional applications to extend the functionality of the NAS.

Overall, the QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP provides a robust storage solution with data protection, easy management, and various features to meet the storage needs of individuals and small businesses.

How to take hard disks out of the NAS and connect them to a PC?

Although NAS Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP can be accessed over the network, you still need to take the hard disks out of the storage device and connect them to a Windows computer. Only in this case will the software be able to scan them properly. Here is what you should do:

  1. Turn off the storage and disconnect it from the power supply.

    WARNING! Before you start taking hard disks out of your NAS device, read the manual carefully. Incorrect actions may damage your network-attached storage and/or the hard disks within the RAID system.

  2. Take the hard disks out of the NAS one by one, carefully removing them from their slots. Remember that the disks are extremely vulnerable: hitting or dropping them may result in serious physical damage.

  3. Make sure to mark each hard disk in accordance with how they were installed inside the NAS.

  4. Remove the hard disks and connect them to the computer. In this video, we have explored what ports are used to connect hard disks, and what to do if there are not enough ports or connectors.

    Go to view
    How to Order Remote Data Recovery

    How to Order Remote Data Recovery

Restoring data with Hetman RAID Recovery

Hetman Raid Recovery

This program recovers data from damaged RAID arrays and is fully compatible with QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP. The hard disks that make up the RAID contain technical information about the algorithm used to save files. When launched, Hetman RAID Recovery reads this information and puts the damaged array together. Then you can open the disk and save your files. Also, you can recover the files accidentally deleted from the network drive.

Go to view
How to recover data from a QNAP

How to recover data from a QNAP

Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP has 4 HDD slots, and it supports the following array types:

  • RAID 5;
  • RAID 6;
  • RAID 10;
  • RAID 0;
  • RAID 1;
  • JBOD;

NAS supports:

  • ZFS;
  • EXT4;
  • EXT3;
  • FAT32 (External Disk Only);
  • NTFS (External Disk Only);
  • HFS+ (External Disk Read Only);

Safe recovery from disk images

This utility lets you save an entire copy of the disk to file and then work with this image instead of the actual disk. Such feature helps to protect data on the disk from:

  • Overwriting during the recovery process;
  • Loss resulting from bad sectors;
  • User mistakes.

To create an image, do the following:

  1. Make sure that you have enough free space to save the image. The image file size usually equals the disk size.

  2. Select the disk in the main window, and choose from the menu ToolsSave Disk. You can select multiple disks to be saved.

  3. When the image creation wizard starts, you can choose to save the entire disk or select only a part of it. Specify the parameters and click Next.

    Hetman Raid Recovery: Image Creation Wizard
  4. At this stage, you need to choose a directory where to save the image. Choose any disk connected to this PC, or save the image by FTP.

    Hetman Raid Recovery: hoose any disk connected to this PC, or save the image by FTP

Where are user’s files stored?

The QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP network-attached storage keeps QTS (QuTS hero) operating system files on a separate RAID 1 (mirrored) array. Usually, all NAS systems create several volumes on every hard disk, and the first of them takes up to 2 Gb of space. This is where operating system files are stored. Other volumes are united into a RAID array where user’s data is written.

Comparison of software for RAID recovery

Product Operating system License type RAID controller support Supported file systems Virtual RAID controller support Data recovery from damaged RAID File preview
Hetman RAID Recovery Windows Paid Yes, over 100 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes
DiskInternals RAID Recovery Windows Paid Yes, over 100 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ No Yes Yes
R-Studio Windows, Mac, Linux Paid Yes, over 200 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes
UFS Explorer RAID Recovery Windows, Mac, Linux Paid Yes, over 1,000 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes
EaseUS Data Recovery Windows Paid Yes, over 20 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ No Yes Yes
ReclaiMe Free RAID Recovery Windows Free Yes, over 100 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes


We will be happy to answer your questions!

Comments (1)

  • Hetman Software: Data Recovery
    Hetman Software: Data Recovery 9.08.2022 12:31 #
    If you want to ask a question about data recovery, from NAS Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP, feel free to leave a comment!
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Vladimir Artiukh

Author: Vladimir Artiukh, Technical Writer

Vladimir Artiukh is a technical writer for Hetman Software, as well as the voice and face of their English-speaking YouTube channel, Hetman Software: Data Recovery for Windows. He handles tutorials, how-tos, and detailed reviews on how the company’s tools work with all kinds of data storage devices.

Oleg Afonin

Editor: Oleg Afonin, Technical Writer

Oleg Afonin is an expert in mobile forensics, data recovery and computer systems. He often attends large data security conferences, and writes several blogs for such resources as, Elcomsoft and Habr. In addition to his online activities, Oleg’s articles are also published in professional magazines. Also, Oleg Afonin is the co-author of a well-known book, Mobile Forensics - Advanced Investigative Strategies.


Questions and answers

  • What is SSH and how does it work in the context of network security?

    SSH stands for Secure Shell, and it is a cryptographic network protocol used for secure remote login, command execution, and file transfer between computers over an insecure network. It provides a secure channel over an unsecured network by encrypting the data that is being transmitted.

    In the context of network security, SSH plays a crucial role in ensuring secure communication between a client and a server. It uses public-key cryptography to authenticate the remote computer and allow the user to securely log in. Here's how it works:

    1. Authentication: When a client initiates an SSH connection, the server presents its public key to the client. The client then verifies this key and generates a session key to encrypt the communication.
    2. Encryption: Once the authentication is successful, SSH establishes an encrypted connection between the client and server. All data transmitted over this connection is encrypted, ensuring confidentiality.
    3. Data Integrity: SSH also ensures data integrity by using cryptographic hash functions. It generates a hash of the transmitted data and sends it along with the encrypted data. The receiving end verifies the integrity of the data by comparing the received hash with its own calculation.
    4. Port Forwarding: SSH allows secure port forwarding, also known as SSH tunneling. It enables a user to securely access services on a remote server through an encrypted connection. This feature is widely used to secure access to services like databases, web servers, and other network resources.

    Overall, SSH provides a secure and encrypted communication channel, protecting sensitive data from eavesdropping, tampering, and unauthorized access. It is widely used in network security to secure remote administration, file transfers, and other network services.

  • How does the NAS QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP utilize SSH protocol for remote access and secure file transfer?

    The NAS QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP utilizes the SSH (Secure Shell) protocol for remote access and secure file transfer in the following ways:

    1. Secure Remote Access: SSH provides a secure and encrypted channel for remote access to the NAS. Users can connect to the NAS using SSH clients, such as PuTTY or OpenSSH, and securely manage the NAS remotely.
    2. Secure File Transfer: SSH also enables secure file transfer between the NAS and remote devices. Users can use SCP (Secure Copy) or SFTP (SSH File Transfer Protocol) to transfer files securely over the SSH connection. These protocols encrypt the data during transit, ensuring the confidentiality and integrity of the transferred files.
    3. Authentication and Encryption: SSH uses public-key cryptography for authentication, ensuring secure access to the NAS. Users can generate SSH key pairs and upload their public keys to the NAS for authentication. This eliminates the need for passwords and provides a more secure authentication method. Additionally, SSH encrypts the data exchanged between the NAS and remote devices, protecting it from eavesdropping or tampering.
    4. Port Forwarding: The NAS also supports SSH port forwarding, which allows users to securely access other services or devices within the local network through the SSH tunnel. This feature enhances security by enabling encrypted access to services that may not natively support encryption.

    Overall, the NAS QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP leverages the SSH protocol to provide secure remote access and file transfer capabilities, ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and authentication of data exchanged between the NAS and remote devices.

  • Can you explain the advantages and benefits of using SSH protocol in the QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP NAS system?

    The SSH (Secure Shell) protocol offers several advantages and benefits when used in the QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP NAS system:

    1. Secure remote access: SSH provides a secure and encrypted channel for remote access to the NAS system. It ensures that the communication between the client and the NAS is protected from eavesdropping or tampering by unauthorized entities.
    2. Enhanced data security: By using SSH, all data transferred between the client and the NAS is encrypted, preventing any potential interception or data breaches. This is particularly important when accessing sensitive or confidential information stored on the NAS.
    3. Secure file transfers: SSH protocol supports secure file transfers through protocols like SFTP (SSH File Transfer Protocol) and SCP (Secure Copy Protocol). These protocols allow you to transfer files securely between the NAS and remote devices, ensuring the integrity and confidentiality of the data being transferred.
    4. Remote management and administration: SSH enables remote management and administration of the NAS system. With SSH access, administrators can securely configure, monitor, and troubleshoot the NAS from anywhere, without the need for physical access to the device.
    5. Command-line access: SSH provides command-line access to the NAS system, allowing administrators to execute various commands and perform advanced configurations. This gives more flexibility and control over the system compared to web-based interfaces.
    6. Automation and scripting: SSH can be used to automate tasks and create scripts for managing the NAS system. This allows administrators to streamline repetitive tasks, schedule backups, and perform other operations programmatically.
    7. Compatibility and interoperability: SSH is a widely adopted protocol and is supported by various operating systems, including Windows, macOS, and Linux. This ensures compatibility and interoperability when accessing the QNAP Turbo Station NAS from different client devices.

    Overall, using SSH in the QNAP Turbo Station TS-453DU / TS-453DU-RP NAS system enhances security, enables remote management, facilitates secure file transfers, and provides flexibility and automation capabilities.

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