How to recover data from Synology RackStation RS1219+ NAS

Is your network drive gone, and you are wondering what to do? Has a RAID system crashed, and your files are no longer accessible? Does your device display an error while booting? Have you accidentally rebuilt your RAID system? Are several hard disks out of order?

How to recover data from NAS Synology RackStation RS1219+

Synology RackStation RS1219+ NAS Data Recovery in 2024

In this step-by-step tutorial, we’ll show you how to rebuild your RAID and recover data from RackStation RS1219+.

How to recover data from NAS Synology RackStation RS1219+

Recover data from damaged RAID arrays inaccessible from a computer.

Why can’t ordinary software tools restore files from RAID?

Conventional hard disks keep user’s data by writing it to their surface in a consecutive way, and this is how an entire file is stored on a single hard disk. However, when data is written to a RAID system, a file is divided into several parts. Then these parts are written consecutively to all hard disks within such array. The size of such parts may range from 2 KB to 2 MB, so each file is stored on several hard disks at the same time.

Such approach helps to speed up read and write operations, and it is evident that saving two parts of a file having the size of 1 GB to two hard disks simultaneously is much faster than saving the same 1 GB of data to one hard disk. However, this peculiarity makes file recovery more complicated.

Various RAID levels store information in different ways. Additionally, manufacturers like Synology also introduce some modifications to this process, and that is why data can be written to hard disk in a wide variety of ways.

Can malware or ransomware attacks lead to data loss in NAS Synology RackStation RS1219+ devices?

Yes, malware or ransomware attacks can potentially lead to data loss in NAS Synology RackStation RS1219+ devices. NAS devices, including the Synology RackStation RS1219+, are not immune to such attacks. If a NAS device is infected with malware or ransomware, it can encrypt or delete the data stored on the device, resulting in data loss.

To mitigate the risk of data loss due to malware or ransomware attacks, it is important to take preventive measures such as:

  1. Regularly updating the NAS firmware and software to ensure security patches are applied.
  2. Enabling the built-in firewall and configuring it to only allow necessary network traffic.
  3. Implementing strong, unique passwords for all user accounts and regularly changing them.
  4. Restricting access to the NAS by setting up proper user permissions and access controls.
  5. Regularly backing up data stored on the NAS to an offsite location or another device that is not directly connected to the network.
  6. Using antivirus and antimalware software on devices that access the NAS to prevent the spread of malware.
  7. Educating users about the risks of phishing emails, suspicious downloads, and other potential sources of malware.

By following these best practices, the risk of data loss due to malware or ransomware attacks can be significantly reduced.

How to take hard disks out of the NAS and connect them to a PC?

Although NAS RackStation RS1219+ can be accessed over the network, you still need to take the hard disks out of the storage device and connect them to a Windows computer. Only in this case will the software be able to scan them properly. Here is what you should do:

  1. Turn off the storage and disconnect it from the power supply.

    WARNING! Before you start taking hard disks out of your NAS device, read the manual carefully. Incorrect actions may damage your network-attached storage and/or the hard disks within the RAID system.

  2. Take the hard disks out of the NAS one by one, carefully removing them from their slots. Remember that the disks are extremely vulnerable: hitting or dropping them may result in serious physical damage.

  3. Make sure to mark each hard disk in accordance with how they were installed inside the NAS.

  4. Remove the hard disks and connect them to the computer. In this video, we have explored what ports are used to connect hard disks, and what to do if there are not enough ports or connectors.

    Go to view
    How to Order Remote Data Recovery

    How to Order Remote Data Recovery

Restoring data with Hetman RAID Recovery

Hetman Raid Recovery

This program recovers data from damaged RAID arrays and is fully compatible with Synology RackStation RS1219+. The hard disks that make up the RAID contain technical information about the algorithm used to save files. When launched, Hetman RAID Recovery reads this information and puts the damaged array together. Then you can open the disk and save your files. Also, you can recover the files accidentally deleted from the network drive.

Go to view
How to recover data from a Synology

How to recover data from a Synology

RackStation RS1219+ has 8 HDD slots, and it supports the following array types:

  • Synology Hybrid RAID (SHR);
  • RAID 6;
  • RAID 5;
  • RAID 10;
  • RAID 1;
  • RAID 0;
  • Basic;
  • JBOD;

NAS supports:

  • Btrfs;
  • EXT4;
  • EXT3 (External Disk Only);
  • FAT32 (External Disk Only);
  • exFAT (External Disk Only);
  • NTFS (External Disk Only);
  • HFS+ (External Disk Read Only);

Safe recovery from disk images

This utility lets you save an entire copy of the disk to file and then work with this image instead of the actual disk. Such feature helps to protect data on the disk from:

  • Overwriting during the recovery process;
  • Loss resulting from bad sectors;
  • User mistakes.

To create an image, do the following:

  1. Make sure that you have enough free space to save the image. The image file size usually equals the disk size.

  2. Select the disk in the main window, and choose from the menu ToolsSave Disk. You can select multiple disks to be saved.

  3. When the image creation wizard starts, you can choose to save the entire disk or select only a part of it. Specify the parameters and click Next.

    Hetman Raid Recovery: Image Creation Wizard
  4. At this stage, you need to choose a directory where to save the image. Choose any disk connected to this PC, or save the image by FTP.

    Hetman Raid Recovery: hoose any disk connected to this PC, or save the image by FTP

Where are user’s files stored?

The Synology RackStation RS1219+ network-attached storage keeps DSM (DiskStation Manager) operating system files on a separate RAID 1 (mirrored) array. Usually, all NAS systems create several volumes on every hard disk, and the first of them takes up to 2 Gb of space. This is where operating system files are stored. Other volumes are united into a RAID array where user’s data is written.

Comparison of software for RAID recovery

Product Operating system License type RAID controller support Supported file systems Virtual RAID controller support Data recovery from damaged RAID File preview
Hetman RAID Recovery Windows Paid Yes, over 100 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes
DiskInternals RAID Recovery Windows Paid Yes, over 100 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ No Yes Yes
R-Studio Windows, Mac, Linux Paid Yes, over 200 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes
UFS Explorer RAID Recovery Windows, Mac, Linux Paid Yes, over 1,000 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes
EaseUS Data Recovery Windows Paid Yes, over 20 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ No Yes Yes
ReclaiMe Free RAID Recovery Windows Free Yes, over 100 controllers FAT, NTFS, Ext2/3/4, HFS+ Yes Yes Yes


We will be happy to answer your questions!

Comments (1)

  • Hetman Software: Data Recovery
    Hetman Software: Data Recovery 9.08.2022 12:31 #
    If you want to ask a question about data recovery, from NAS RackStation RS1219+, feel free to leave a comment!
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Vladimir Artiukh

Author: Vladimir Artiukh, Technical Writer

Vladimir Artiukh is a technical writer for Hetman Software, as well as the voice and face of their English-speaking YouTube channel, Hetman Software: Data Recovery for Windows. He handles tutorials, how-tos, and detailed reviews on how the company’s tools work with all kinds of data storage devices.

Oleg Afonin

Editor: Oleg Afonin, Technical Writer

Oleg Afonin is an expert in mobile forensics, data recovery and computer systems. He often attends large data security conferences, and writes several blogs for such resources as, Elcomsoft and Habr. In addition to his online activities, Oleg’s articles are also published in professional magazines. Also, Oleg Afonin is the co-author of a well-known book, Mobile Forensics - Advanced Investigative Strategies.


Questions and answers

  • What are the key features and specifications of the Synology RackStation RS1219+ that make it suitable for use as a website server?

    The Synology RackStation RS1219+ is a compact and scalable 2U rackmount NAS solution that offers several key features and specifications that make it suitable for use as a website server:

    1. Compact Size: The RS1219+ is designed to fit in a standard 2U rack space, making it ideal for small to medium-sized businesses with limited server room space.
    2. Scalability: It supports up to eight drive bays, allowing for flexible storage capacity expansion as website data grows. The drives can be configured in various RAID configurations to ensure data redundancy and protection.
    3. High Performance: The RS1219+ is equipped with a quad-core Intel Atom processor and 2GB of DDR3 memory (expandable up to 16GB). This provides sufficient processing power and memory to handle website traffic and simultaneous user requests.
    4. Dual 1GbE LAN Ports: It comes with dual Gigabit Ethernet ports for network connectivity, enabling fast and reliable data transfer between the server and the network.
    5. SSD Cache Support: The RS1219+ supports SSD cache technology, allowing frequently accessed website data to be stored on solid-state drives for faster retrieval and improved overall performance.
    6. Virtualization Support: It is compatible with various virtualization technologies such as VMware, Citrix, and Microsoft Hyper-V, making it easy to deploy and manage virtual machines for hosting websites and web applications.
    7. Synology DiskStation Manager (DSM): The RS1219+ runs on Synology's DSM operating system, which provides a user-friendly interface for easy management, configuration, and monitoring of the server. DSM also offers a wide range of built-in applications, including web server software like Apache and Nginx.
    8. Backup and Disaster Recovery: Synology NAS devices have comprehensive backup and disaster recovery features, including snapshot technology, data replication, and integration with cloud backup services. These features ensure website data is protected and can be easily restored in case of any unforeseen events.

    Overall, the Synology RackStation RS1219+ combines compactness, scalability, performance, and advanced features to provide a reliable and efficient platform for hosting websites and web applications.

  • How does the Synology RackStation RS1219+ handle website hosting and what are the steps involved in setting it up as a web server?

    The Synology RackStation RS1219+ can be used as a web server by utilizing its built-in web server software and various applications. Here are the steps involved in setting it up as a web server:

    1. Initial Setup: Install the RackStation RS1219+ in your rack and connect it to the network. Follow the setup wizard to configure basic settings like IP address, hostname, and admin password.
    2. Enable Web Station: Open the Synology DiskStation Manager (DSM) web interface and navigate to the Package Center. Install the "Web Station" package, which provides the web server functionality.
    3. Configure Web Station: Once installed, open the Web Station application. Configure the general settings, such as selecting the HTTP and HTTPS ports, enabling PHP support, and setting up SSL certificates if required.
    4. Create Virtual Hosts: In the Web Station application, you can create multiple virtual hosts. Each virtual host represents a website or web application. Configure the document root, domain name, and other settings specific to each website you want to host.
    5. Install Web Applications: Synology provides various web applications through the Package Center, such as WordPress, Joomla, Drupal, etc. Install the desired applications based on your requirements. These applications simplify the setup and management of websites.
    6. Configure DNS and Port Forwarding: If your website needs to be accessible from the internet, configure DNS settings to point your domain to the RackStation's IP address. Additionally, set up port forwarding on your router to forward incoming web traffic (port 80 for HTTP and port 443 for HTTPS) to the RackStation's IP address.
    7. Customize Website Content: Upload your website files to the appropriate document root directory on the RackStation using File Station or an FTP client. Customize the website content, HTML, CSS, and other files as necessary.
    8. Test and Monitor: Once everything is set up, test your website by accessing it through a web browser. Monitor the web server and website performance using Synology's built-in resource monitoring tools or install additional monitoring applications if required.

    It's worth noting that the Synology RackStation RS1219+ is primarily designed for storage and offers web server capabilities as an additional feature. If you expect high traffic or complex web applications, you may need to consider dedicated web hosting solutions for optimal performance.

  • Can the Synology RackStation RS1219+ support multiple websites and domains simultaneously, and what are the limitations or considerations to keep in mind when using it for website hosting?

    Yes, the Synology RackStation RS1219+ can support multiple websites and domains simultaneously. It can run web server applications like Apache, Nginx, or IIS, allowing you to host multiple websites on the same device.

    However, there are a few limitations and considerations to keep in mind when using the RS1219+ for website hosting:

    1. Performance: The RS1219+ has a quad-core processor and can handle moderate website traffic. If you expect high traffic or resource-intensive websites, you may need to consider a more powerful server.
    2. Storage Capacity: The RS1219+ supports up to 8 hard drives, allowing for ample storage space for hosting websites. However, if you have a large number of websites or require extensive storage, you may need to consider expansion units or higher-capacity drives.
    3. Bandwidth: The RS1219+ has multiple LAN ports for network connectivity. Ensure that you have sufficient bandwidth to handle the expected website traffic and consider utilizing link aggregation for increased network performance.
    4. Security: As with any web hosting solution, security should be a top priority. Ensure that you have proper firewall configurations, SSL certificates, and regular software updates to protect your websites and data.
    5. Backup and Redundancy: It is essential to have a backup strategy in place to protect against data loss. The RS1219+ supports various backup options, including local backups, remote replication, and cloud backup services.
    6. Software and Updates: Keep the operating system and web server applications up to date with the latest security patches and updates to mitigate vulnerabilities.
    7. Technical Expertise: Hosting websites on a Synology NAS requires some technical knowledge and familiarity with web server configurations. Ensure that you or your team have the necessary skills to set up and manage the hosting environment effectively.

    By considering these limitations and taking appropriate measures, the Synology RackStation RS1219+ can serve as a reliable platform for hosting multiple websites and domains.

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